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A brief introduction to Zhoushan

Updated : 2020-03-27 (chinadaily.com.cn)

About Zhoushan Archipelago New Area.jpg


Zhoushan, Zhejiang province, is the first prefecture-level island city in China. It is located at the intersection of the Yangtze River and the East China Sea. It is approximately 500 nautical miles from major ports in Northeast Asia and the western Pacific, and serves as a major gateway for ocean-river intermodal transport, and for the Yangtze River Delta region to further reach out to the outside world. Zhoushan plays an important role in China's Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and the Yangtze River Economic Belt Strategy.

Renowned for its Buddhist culture and fishing industry, the city is famed as the "Buddha Realm between Sea and Sky" and the "City of Fishery and Ports". It attracts many tourists every year with its enchanting island scenery, delicious seafood and profound Buddhist culture.

Zhoushan covers 22,200 square kilometers (20,800 sq km of sea area and 1,440 sq km of land area), with 1,390 islands and a permanent population of 1.168 million. It is divided into two districts and two counties: Dinghai district, Putuo district, Daishan county and Shengsi county.


Home to ice-free, deep and wide harbors with shorelines totaling 282 km, Zhoushan enjoys a natural strength in constructing deep-water berths, docking large vessels and developing port-centered industries including shipping, logistics, marine engineering, heavy equipment and machinery production, and commodity processing. It is one of the world’s major fisheries. It also boasts abundant wind power, tidal power, undersea oil and gas reserves and minerals.


You can reach Zhoushan by sea, land and air. The Zhoushan Cross-Sea Bridge, consisting of five bridges connecting Zhoushan and Ningbo, brings Zhoushan into the within-three-hour-commute circle of the Yangtze River Delta. The Ningbo-Zhoushan Railway is under construction. The Putuo Airport was upgraded into an international airport in 2018.


Zhoushan boasts a good environment and clean air, ranking among the top cities in China in terms of air quality, with annual average temperature of 16.6 C and average precipitation of 1,292 millimeters.


Zhoushan has developed an economic system with distinct marine characteristics, featuring port-centered industry, ocean tourism and fishery. In 2019, Zhoushan's GDP reached 137.16 billion yuan ($19.38 billion), up 9.2 percent year-on-year, ranking first among all cities in Zhejiang in GDP growth. A total of 6,927 companies were established in the China (Zhejiang) Pilot Free Trade Zone in the city. The zone supplied 4.103 million metric tons of bunker fuel oil in 2019, up 14.2 percent year-on-year.

Aquatic output reached 1.756 million tons, up 1.1 percent year-on-year, including 542,000 tons yielded from pelagic fishery. The proportion of pelagic fishery output in the city's total aquatic output increased from 9.3 percent in 2010 to 30.9 percent in 2019.

The city received 70.518 million tourists in 2019, up 11.6 percent over the previous year and generating revenue of 105.46 billion yuan, up 11.9 percent.

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